I wanted to confirm with you that the value that is input for the expected return in your simulator is an annual arithmetic expected return (versus the geometric or compound annual expected return). As an example, an annual return of 8% with a standard deviation of 15% would have an expected compound rate of return equal to 8% - 1.125% = 6.875%. The 1.125% is the square of standard deviation divided by 2. Is this correct? I made this assumption based on the following description from your documentation:

To demonstrate the importance of volatility on a retirement plan, try this experiment. Set the investing style to “Custom” and choose a value for “Return - Average” that you’ve used in other planners (for example 8%). Next, set the “Return - Std Dev” to zero and run the simulation. Note the results this produces then increase the “Return - Std Dev” by a few percent and rerun the simulation. Do this a few times with slight increases to standard deviation each time and notice how increased portfolio volatility (higher standard deviation) affects your plan. This exercise should demonstrate that risk matters. This is why a portfolio’s risk level or expected volatility must be taken into account in retirement planning.

I like your program. Is there a way to store my input values so that I don’t have to reenter them every time I visit the website?

Thanks,

## Is expected return an arithmetic mean or geometric mean?

### Re: Is expected return an arithmetic mean or geometric mean?

Your assumption about the simulator using an arithmetic mean return is correct. Inside the simulation, a pseudo-random sequence of returns is generated that is normally distributed around the mean that you specify.frp user wrote:I wanted to confirm with you that the value that is input for the expected return in your simulator is an annual arithmetic expected return (versus the geometric or compound annual expected return). As an example, an annual return of 8% with a standard deviation of 15% would have an expected compound rate of return equal to 8% - 1.125% = 6.875%. The 1.125% is the square of standard deviation divided by 2. Is this correct? I made this assumption based on the following description from your documentation:

Unfortunately, there isn't a simple way to store the program inputs. The security model for Java is very rigid and in order to protect you from malicious Java programs, the system prevents my Java code from accessing your hard drive and even your printer.I like your program. Is there a way to store my input values so that I don’t have to reenter them every time I visit the website?

Jim

UPDATE: A downloadable version of the planner that offers a save/restore feature as well as several other features is coming soon. Please stay tuned.

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